Lubrication dates back to the invention of the wheel. Various types of animal fat were used as lubricants on horse-drawn carts with wooden axles. The wood preserver linseed oil briefly replaced them as the primary lubricant.A product desired from refined crude oil was used in internal combustion engines. Base oil was born from this purpose. The complexity of IC engines, along with higher speeds and temperatures, prompted the need for lubrication that could keep up. As a result, additives were added to the base oils. With this combination, the engine had improved viscosity, was less prone to wear, friction, and corrosion.Modern cars still rely primarily on their base oil for improved engine performance. 75%-80% of the engine oil composition is base oil, which is followed by 10%-20% of additives and a viscosity index improver, which maintains the viscosity within a threshold at higher temperatures, and various inhibitors.
Q1: What is base oil?
A1: Base oil is a mineral oil derived from petroleum that is used as a lubricant in many industrial and automotive applications. It is often used as a base for other lubricants, such as motor oils, hydraulic fluids and additives.
Q2: How is base oil used?
A2: Base oil is used as a lubricant in a variety of applications, including automotive and industrial machinery, pumps, compressors, gears, bearings and more. It is also used in the production of greases, hydraulic fluids and o.ther lubricants
Q3: What are the benefits of using base oil?
A3: Base oil has excellent lubricating properties, low volatility, high flash point and low toxicity. It is also cost-effective and provides excellent protection against wear, corrosion and oxidation.